You may not know much about cannabis, but chances are the people you know do. I’m not talking about the stereotypical stoners but more about medical marijuana, which is legal in 21 states, including the Bay Area, as of the past week. It’s time to get comfortable with the word “marijuana”, because that’s what the industry is called when cannabis-derived products are used for medical purposes.
Major Cannabinoids — These are the compounds that get you high. These are the compounds in cannabis plants, or in synthetic drugs like Marinol and Cesamet. They’re the psychoactive chemicals in cannabis that are responsible for the buzz, for the “high”. They’re the compounds that make you want to smoke, or get high. Minor Cannabinoids — These are the compounds that are found in cannabis and in synthetic drugs, which are the psychoactive compounds in cannabis that get you high.A few years ago, knowledge about these secondary cannabinoids was still emerging. There is much more information on each of the devices listed here. How well do you know your cannabinoids? Most people are familiar with the two main cannabinoids: TGC and CBD. However, cannabis is a complex plant with a complicated chemical composition. As we explore these connections further, we begin to discover the nature of our experiences with the plant. In this article, we take a look under the hood to find out what these cannabinoids are. In the near future, sativa and indica classifications will begin to lose their importance in choosing the ideal strain. It is wise to start by learning the intricacies of cannabis. Photo: Bacsica/Getty Images This article was inspired by an LA Times article that spoke eloquently about cannabinoids, using pop culture to get the point across. TGC We start with THC, as it is one of the best known cannabinoids on the market. It’s something everyone tries to limit or get more of. THC is responsible for getting high and comes in different forms. We have delta-9-THC, which is what you get when you inhale or smoke the plant. Then you have 11-hydroxy-THC, which is what happens when the liver processes it. Delta-8-THC and Delta-10-THC have also gained popularity these days because they are no longer illegal under the Controlled Substances Act and can be extracted from hemp. CBD The second known cannabinoid is CBD (cannabidiol). It’s called a medical cannabinoid because it doesn’t get you high and it seems to help with many ailments. It is also one of the few cannabinoids for which there is an FDA approved drug on the market. CBD is a neurotransmitter, it helps with anxiety, stress, seizures and is available almost everywhere. This is also legal at the federal level. Photo: Charles Wollertz/Getty Images CBG CBG (cannabigerol) can turn into CBD or THC, depending on what happens to it. For this reason, it is sometimes called the parent cannabinoid. It also has similar effects to CBD, which is a plus for those considering using it to fight diseases like cancer, IBS, etc. CBN CBN (cannabinol) is a cannabinoid that is produced over time when cannabinoids are broken down by oxidation. If you stash away your supply, the CBN will start to catch up with you. Smoke this herb with CBN and you have a powerful sleep aid. It also has antibacterial properties. Photo: Mpho Mojapelo via Unsplash CBC Next, let’s talk about cannabichromes, which are actually not very popular and somewhat illusory on the current market. It is said to have similar effects to THC and CBD, but does not cause the same heavy narcotic sensation as THC. It helps reduce inflammation and block pain. THCv THCv or tetrahydrocannabivarin is a cannabinoid that allows you to get high without triggering an appetite. Researchers have been aware of this cannabinoid since the 1970s. It is not yet as popular as THC, but because of its appetite suppressing effects, it should be used in the weight loss industry. THCa All cannabinoids begin in an acidic form. THCa is essentially THC in its acidic form, which means it is still not psychoactive. Recently, the chemist Dr. Mechulam, who is known for his discovery of THC, has achieved excellent results with THCa. This is because the bioavailability of THC in its acid form is multiplied by a thousand. This means greater potential for pain management and relief from neurodegenerative diseases. In its acid form, THC also has no psychoactive properties. Its main disadvantage is that it is not a very stable cannabinoid, but this problem may soon be solved by organic cannabinoid plants. Photo: Seth Ryan/EyeEm/Getty Images delta-8-THC Delta 8 is currently in this state of uncertainty. It gets you high, just like regular delta-9, but it is not on the list of banned substances. That means it’s a legal high from a federal perspective! Furthermore, delta-8 can be extracted from hemp, making it particularly difficult to regulate so as not to exploit its potential. Of course sooner or later legislators will make this substance illegal again. But so far, it’s one of the few legal cannabinoids that gets you high.
More to the front…
Until a few years ago, knowledge about these secondary cannabinoids was only just beginning. There is much more information on each of the devices listed here. It remains to be seen how the federal government will respond to Delta-8-THC, but one thing is certain: They won’t be able to ban it completely like they did with Delta-9-THC. The fact that a small molecular change can make a psychoactive substance illegal also highlights the ridiculousness of the CSA. However, what we have presented to you today is only the tip of the proverbial iceberg. As we open this box of knowledge and expand our understanding of cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids, the way we classify cannabis will undergo a similar transformation. Soon we will require specific ratios of certain cannabinoids to achieve certain medical highs or procedures. Not to mention the specific cannabis-based medicines produced in pharmaceutical laboratories around the world. We are about to enter a new era of cannabis research. We’ll have to wait and see how the rest of 2021 plays out, but I’m already seeing huge changes – and in some cases not for the better! Meanwhile, understanding these small differences is important to becoming a more aware consumer.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are minor cannabinoids?
No matter what you do, you can’t avoid cannabinoids. They’re all around you, in our food, in our products, and in our bodies. They’re what give some foods a “high” and others a “low,” they’re what causes some people to get sick and others to feel great. What are these cannabinoids, and what are they for? Minor cannabinoids, also called phytocannabinoids or phytocannabinoids, are the cannabinoids that we are most familiar with. However, there are over 80 minor cannabinoids, including cannabinol, cannabidiol, and cannabinoylglycine, to name a few that are best known to the general public.
How many minor cannabinoids are there?
The minor cannabinoids are those that have been found in low concentrations in cannabis plant material. The minor cannabinoids include: cannabichromene (CBC), cannabigerol (CBG), cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN), tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV), cannabidivarin (CBDV), cannabigerovarin (CBGV), cannabidivarins A (CBDVA), cannabidivarins B (CBA), cannabidivarins C (CBDC), cannabidivarins D (CBDVA), cannabidivarins E (CBDVAB In recent years, researchers and clinicians have noticed a marked increase in interest in the therapeutic uses of the plant genus Cannabis. For the most part, the interest has been driven by the identification of the different terpenes present in the plant, which have diverse effects on human physiology. Some of these effects are desirable, but others can be quite unpleasant, to the point where they can cause a state of intoxication. Many of the effects of cannabinoids have been documented in humans, so it is important for healthcare providers to be aware of the latest developments in this field.
How many cannabinoids are identified?
There have been over one hundred and fifty plant cannabinoids identified to date. There are a lot of different plant cannabinoids. There are a lot of different cannabinoids that have been found in plants. Some of the cannabinoids have more than one name. There are some cannabinoids that are not found in plants at all, but in the human body. There are many different cannabinoids found in the body, and many of those are found in combination with each other. There are more than 80 identified cannabinoids (1), which have received different names such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), cannabinol (CBN), cannabidiol (CBD), cannabicitran (CBT), and some others. The primary cannabinoid compounds isolated from cannabis are THC and CBD, which are the most psychoactive (2). Other cannabinoids produced in the plant include other cannabidiols, cannabichromene (CBC), cannabinol (CBN), and cannabinodiol (CBND), among others.
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